Globalization is no longer a new word for us. Since the early 80s, It has played an important role in developing economies which led to movement of goods, knowledge, raw materials, funds and even people across borders and the world at large became a common market place where countries trade and form bi-lateral ties. Globalization brought along with it fast paced development – economic, social and cultural. And to keep up with that pace, countries had to ensure that they are ready for such a development. One of the most important thing required to fast track the development is a country’s infrastructure. And that’s where a Civil Engineer comes into picture.
A civil engineer is responsible for developing the fundamental facilities such as roads, bridges, tunnels, canals, dams, buildings et cetera. Civil engineers the world over have built some of the best and the biggest structures – Burj Khalifa, Millau Viaduct, Three Gorges Dam among many others. Although, we see a lot of development around us, there is still a significant amount of work to be done. One of the major concerns is of population growth. With such a high rate of population growth, the need for better homes, water, sanitation, transport et cetera is ever increasing and not only developing but even the developed economies will have to work towards building sustainable societies that can take care of generations to come – which ideally means that the world needs more and more of skilled civil engineers.
And while we talk about building structures, scope of civil engineering has widened over the period of time. Some of the important fields are – structural engineering, geotechnical engineering, transportation engineering, hydraulic engineering, environmental engineering among others. A civil engineer is also responsible for ensuring that a city has a proper transportation system for flow of water that is, ensuring that the city has efficient water distribution systems. Designing pipelines for flow of water, drainage facilities, canals, dams et cetera are some of the main areas that fall under water distribution system.
Thus, broadly, Civil Engineering can be classified into following categories –
- Geo technical Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Water Resource engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Earthquake Engineering
- Urban Planning
As a Civil Engineer, students have an option to work as surveyor, a technical report writer or even a project manager across private firms, Government organizations or even in universities/ colleges as a research fellow or a teacher/ professor. Due to increased demand of skilled workers, companies the world over are looking for experienced professionals who can help the dream them in achieving of a better world. The best way to lay a foundation for a successful career as a Civil Engineer is to take up an internship. An internship will ensure that you get a chance to experience first-hand what it feels like to be a civil engineer, what constitutes a day of work for a civil engineer.